Initiating a Child Friendly Culture

CRC Monitoring And Reporting To UNCRC


Signature and Ratification of The Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure (OP3CRC) in Nepal

Background/ Introduction

United Nations enforced the Convention on the Right of the Child (UNCRC) on 20th Nov 1989 and further adopted optional protocols

  1. Optional Protocol to the Convention to the Right of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (OPSC) and
  2. Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Right of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (OPAC)

on 25th May 2000. Both these optional protocols entered into force on 18th Jan 2002 and 12th Feb 2002 respectively.

The Government of Nepal ratified the UNCRC on 14th September 1990 and became the state party of this convention. In addition, Nepal government signed both the optional protocols on 8th Sept 2002. As per the UNCRC Article 44 paragraph 1: State party must report initially two years after acceding to the Convention and then every five years. The Committee examines each report and addresses its concerns and recommendations to the State party in the form of ‘concluding observations’. The Committee reviews additional reports which must be submitted by States who have acceded to the two Optional Protocols to the Convention.

The government of Nepal has already sent the state report on OPSC and has accomplished its preparation on OPAC. Moreover, the civil society should also prepare the shadow report on both these optional protocols so as to comprise the missing aspects of the state reports. CRC Sub-Committee of Human Rights Treaty Monitoring Coordination Committee (HRTMCC) secretariat at Child Nepal (CN) has taken initiation in preparing the shadow reports and is in the phase of having consultations with children and stakeholders.

Activities Accomplished

SNActivity TitleDateReport
1List of Issues CRC 3-4-5Date
2List of Issues OPACDate 
3Submission of supplementary reports to UN committee on the Rights of the ChildSeptember, 2014 
4Experts Consultation for civil society supplementary report on CRC and OPAC in collaboration with National Human Rights CommisionJune 25, 2014 
5Consultations with children and adults in regional and national level for civil society supplementary report on CRC and OPACMay/June, 2014 
6Formation of CRC Reporting Coalition Nepal which is the Umbrella Coalition of existing coalitions of NepalJuly 15, 2013 
7Sharing Program of OPSC Concluding ObservationsSeptember 24, 2012 
8Consultation Workshop with Children Thematic Study_CNJuly 25, 2012 
9Participation in 60th session of UN Committee on the Rights of the Child.June 4, 2012 
10Facilitation meeting with government representatives to participate in upcoming hearing in Geneva.December 22, 2011 
11Participation in Pre-Session of UN Committee on the Rights of the Child.October, 2011 
12CRC, OPSC Alternative Report – Nepal, sent to UN Committee on the Rights of the Child.July, 2011 
13Experts’ Consultation at National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on OPSC Alternative Report.August 9, 2011 
14National Consultation workshop in Kathmandu.December 27, 2010 
15Consultation workshop with children and stakeholders at Chitwan, Nepal.December 21-22, 2010 
16Consultation with 1612 National Task Force and CAAFAG working group.December 9, 2010 
17Eastern Regional consultation workshop accomplished at Biratnagar supported by PLAN Nepal.September 25-26, 2010 
18Accomplished Consulation Workshop with children and stakeholders at Nepalgunj supported by World Vision International.September 5-6, 2010 
19Organizational visits for collecting case studies on OPSC and OPAC.  
20Information collection from Internet Service Providers (ISPs) on Child pornographic sites.  
21Information collection on OPSc from different NGOs working in Nepal.  
22Meetings with CRC-Sub Committee, HRTMCC members.  
23Orientation Workshop with Child Rights Organizations for sharing on CRC Optional Protocols, Shadow Reporting process and UN Systems and Mechanisms.March 2, 2010