Governments have a responsibility to take all available measures to make sure children’s rights are respected, protected and fulfilled. When countries ratify the Convention, they agree to review their laws relating to children. This involves assessing their social services, legal, health and educational systems, as well as levels of funding for these services. Governments are then obliged to take all necessary steps to ensure that the minimum standards set by the Convention in these areas are being met. They must help families protect children’s rights and create an environment where they can grow and reach their potential. In some instances, this may involve changing existing laws or creating new ones. Such legislative changes are not imposed, but come about through the same process by which any law is created or reformed within a country. Thus, CN works in areas such as corporal punishment, child neglect, rescuing children and many more to ensure that they aren’t victimized in anyways.
As Article 12 of CRC states about respecting the views of the child while making decisions that affect children, children have the right to say what they think should happen and have their opinions taken into account. CN works to help children get information that is important to their health and well-being. Through mass media – radio, television, newspapers and Internet content sources – to provide information that children can understand and to not promote materials that could harm children. Not only that the mass media that disseminate its views via CN are encouraged to supply information in languages that minority and indigenous children can understand.
Survival & Development
CN believes in rights to adequate food, shelter, clean water, formal education, primary health care, leisure and recreation, cultural activities and information about their rights are the resources, skills and contributions necessary for the survival and full development of the child. These rights require not only the existence of the means to fulfil the rights but also access to them. Thus CN carries out programs on Early Childhood Development (ECD), Early Grade Reading and child friendly teaching/learning targeting community schools of Nepal. CN creates capacity building opportunities to teachers, conducts baseline assessment in ECD and early grades, and builds capacity of ECD facilitators and SMC/PTA members. Likewise it prioritize child nutrition and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) as the major areas of interventions. CN conducts community level awareness and capacity building programs for child nutrition. CN collaborates with schools to conduct SRH programs for girls who undergo menstruation.
Protecting Children from Online & Digital Risks & Abuse
Online Child abuse is any type of child abuse that happens on the internet. It can happen across any device that’s connected to the web, like computers, tablets and mobiles phones. And it can happen anywhere online, including social media, text messages and messaging apps, emails, online chats, online gaming, and live-streaming sites. Online child abuse may be different types such as cyber bullying, emotional abuse, grooming, sexting, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation etc. It can have long-lasting effects on children which can lead to anxiety, self-harm, eating disorders and suicidal thoughts. As of the record of CIB in the year 2072-73, Cyber Crime Chart provides that there were 830 cases related to social networking, 5 cases of email threat, 3 cases related to hacking, 3 cases related to obscene website, 3 cases of web threat, 2 cases related to SMS lottery fraud, one case related to ATM and once case of phishing. (http://www.voiceofchildren.org.np/seco/about-us/)
The ECPAT Luxemburg in 2017 survey also reveals that 20 percent children have watched pornographic materials at least once. Out of them, 20 percent are girls. It also reveals the fact that out of total school going children, who use internet, 13.7 percent are the victims of online abuse. (State of Children in Nepal 2017)
According to the data of NTA, it has been found that the age group 12-18 years were using more internet. 94.7% students from private schools and 58.3% from public schools use the internet.(A STUDY ON THE INTERNET USE BY CHILDREN)
Online platforms are increasingly used to perpetrate domestic abuse. Online domestic abuse can include behaviors such as monitoring of social media profiles or emails, abuse over social media such as Facebook or Twitter, sharing intimate photos or videos without your consent, using GPs locators or spyware. Nowadays, online had become an accepted part of the daily life of a child. It’s a place for games, meeting friends, and learning many new things. While the online gives children greater access to the world, it also gives the world greater access to children. Wherever children are, there will also be people who want to make contact with them for sexual purposes, who will violate children’s integrity and commit serious acts of abuse. Such crimes are becoming more and more common and increasingly serious. Thus, CN works in areas such as awareness raising, and capacity building for protecting children from online and digital risks and abuse.